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Differences in risk of mortality under 1 year of age between rural and urban areas: an ecological study

Guildea, Z. E. S., Fone, David Lawrence, Dunstan, Frank David John and Cartlidge, Patrick 2005. Differences in risk of mortality under 1 year of age between rural and urban areas: an ecological study. Public Health 119 (5) , pp. 442-447. 10.1016/j.puhe.2004.08.009

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Abstract

Objective: To investigate differences in risk of categories and causes of death before 1 year of age between rural and urban areas. Methods: Population-based ecological study using Poisson regression analysis of data from all enumeration districts in Wales. Data included all 243 223 registrable births to women resident in Wales, 809 therapeutic and spontaneous abortions, 1302 stillbirths and 1418 infant deaths occurring between 1993 and 1999. Main results: The relative risk of mortality in rural areas compared with urban areas for all deaths before 1 year of age was 0.89 (95% confidence interval 0.82, 0.98, P=0.02). The risk of mortality in rural areas was significantly lower than in urban areas for all categories of deaths occurring after 7 days of life. The relative risk of death due to infection was significantly lower in rural areas compared with urban areas (P=0.04), with similar results for deaths due to sudden infant death syndrome (P=0.03). After adjusting for social deprivation, there were no significant differences in the risk of death between rural and urban areas. Conclusions: While there were significant differences in crude risk between rural and urban enumeration districts for some causes and age groups before 1 year, after adjusting for social deprivation, these differences were not significant. The lack of significant interaction between rurality and deprivation indicated that the relationship between social deprivation and death before 1 year of age was not significantly different in rural areas compared with urban areas. Collaborative public health programmes to tackle deprivation are necessary in both rural and urban areas.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0033-3506
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2019 02:09
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/63651

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