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Characterization of the T-cell response to coxsackievirus B4: evidence that effector memory cells predominate in patients with type 1 diabetes

Varela-Calvino, R., Ellis, R., Sgarbi, G., Dayan, Colin Mark and Peakman, M. 2002. Characterization of the T-cell response to coxsackievirus B4: evidence that effector memory cells predominate in patients with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes 51 (6) , pp. 1745-1753. 10.2337/diabetes.51.6.1745

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Abstract

Most of the evidence linking enterovirus (EV) infection with the development and/or acceleration of type 1 diabetes is indirect. Few studies have examined T-cell responses to these viruses, and therefore the nature of the viral targets and the immune cells involved in antiviral responses remain unclear. In the present study, we examined the characteristics of the T-cell response to the EV Coxsackievirus B4 (CVB4) in patients with type 1 diabetes and healthy control subjects. We find that CVB4-specific T-cells preferentially target the envelope proteins VP1, VP2, and VP3, and that the response to these and other CVB4 proteins differs markedly in type 1 diabetic patients compared with nondiabetic control subjects. The frequency of T-cell proliferative responses against VP2 was significantly reduced in type 1 diabetic patients compared with control subjects, especially in patients tested near to diagnosis (P < 0.001). In contrast, median levels of γ-interferon (IFN-γ) production by T-cells in response to the CVB4 antigens tested were generally high in new-onset type 1 diabetic patients, who produced significantly higher levels in response to VP3 compared with healthy subjects (P < 0.05) and patients with long-standing disease (P < 0.05). New-onset type 1 diabetic patients also had higher levels in response to P2C compared with healthy subjects (P < 0.005) and to VP2 compared with patients with long-standing disease (P < 0.05). These results suggest that the quality of the immune response to CVB4 antigens differs significantly between type 1 diabetic patients and control subjects, with a predominance of primed effector (IFN-γ–producing) memory cells near to disease diagnosis. The data are consistent with the notion that the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes is associated with recent or persistent exposure to EV antigens.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Publisher: American Diabetes Association
ISSN: 0012-1797
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 06:41
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/63665

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