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An antisense oligodeoxynucleotide complementary to corticotropin-releasing hormone mRNA inhibits rat splenocyte proliferation in vitro

Jessop, D. S., Harbuz, M. S., Snelson, C. L., Dayan, Colin Mark and Lightman, S. L. 1997. An antisense oligodeoxynucleotide complementary to corticotropin-releasing hormone mRNA inhibits rat splenocyte proliferation in vitro. Journal of Neuroimmunology 75 (1-2) , pp. 135-140. 10.1016/s0165-5728(97)00011-8

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Abstract

Expression of neuropeptides in immune tissues has been implicated in the paracrine control of immune functions. The effects of the endogenous splenic neuropeptide corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) on immune cell proliferation were investigated by incubating splenocytes from adult male Wistar rats in vitro with a specific antisense oligodeoxynucleotide probe complementary to CRH mRNA. Incubation of cells with 1 microgram/ml phosphodiester antisense probe for 24 h prior to stimulation with concanavalin A (Con A) resulted in a 30-65% decrease in 3H-thymidine uptake compared to controls. In spleen cells incubated with a random base sequence (nonsense) probe the uptake of 3H-thymidine was not different to that in control cells. Incubation of cells with either antisense or nonsense phosphorothioate-protected probes resulted in variable uptake of 3H-thymidine, demonstrating that these probes, unlike the phosphodiester probes, have non-specific effects on cells. Addition of synthetic CRH to the cells incubated with the antisense phosphodiester probe partially restored the proliferative response of splenocytes to Con A. Immunoreactive (ir) CRH measured by radioimmunoassay in splenocytes incubated with the antisense probe was significantly less than ir-CRH in splenocytes incubated with the nonsense probe or without probe, indicating that the expression of splenic CRH mRNA was specifically impaired. This attenuation of the cell proliferative response following reduced expression of splenic ir-CRH provides functional evidence for the involvement of endogenously synthesised immune ir-CRH in splenocyte activation.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0165-5728
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 06:41
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/63693

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