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Differentiation of separated mouse mammary luminal epithelial and myoepithelial cells cultured on EHS matrix analyzed by indirect immunofluorescence of cytoskeletal antigens

Smalley, Matthew John, Titley, J., Paterson, H., Perusinghe, N., Clarke, C. and O'Hare, M. J. 1999. Differentiation of separated mouse mammary luminal epithelial and myoepithelial cells cultured on EHS matrix analyzed by indirect immunofluorescence of cytoskeletal antigens. Journal of Histochemistry & Cytochemistry 47 (12) , pp. 1513-1524. 10.1177/002215549904701203

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Abstract

We have previously demonstrated that purified virgin mouse mammary luminal epithelial and myoepithelial cells promiscuously express cell type-specific cytokeratins when they are cloned in vitro. Changes in cytokeratin expression may be indicators of the loss or change of the differentiated identity of a cell. To investigate the factors that may be responsible for the maintenance of differentiated cellular identity, specifically cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions, we cloned flow-sorted mouse mammary epithelial cells on the extracellular matrix (ECM) derived from the Engelbreth-Holm-Swarm murine sarcoma (EHS matrix). Changes in cell differentiation on EHS, compared with culture on glass, were analyzed by comparing patterns of cytokeratin expression. The results indicate that ECM is responsible for maintenance of the differentiated identity of basal/myoepithelial cells and prevents the inappropriate expression of luminal antigens seen on glass or plastic. Luminal cell identity in the form of retention of luminal markers and absence of basal/myoepithelial antigens, on the contrary, appears to depend on homotypic cell-cell contacts and interactions. The results also show that luminal cells (or a subpopulation of them) can generate a cell layer that expresses only basal cytokeratin markers (and no luminal cytokeratin markers) and may form a pluripotent compartment.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
European Cancer Stem Cell Research Institute (ECSCRI)
Publisher: Sage Journals
ISSN: 0022-1554
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 06:46
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/64562

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