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Combinatorial transcription factor regulation of the cyclic AMP-response element on the Pgc-1 promoter in white 3T3-L1 and brown HIB-1B preadipocytes

Karamitri, A., Shore, Andrew, Docherty, K., Speakman, J. R. and Lomax, M. A. 2009. Combinatorial transcription factor regulation of the cyclic AMP-response element on the Pgc-1 promoter in white 3T3-L1 and brown HIB-1B preadipocytes. Journal of Biological Chemistry 284 (31) , pp. 20738-20752. 10.1074/jbc.M109.021766

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Abstract

Cold stress in rodents increases the expression of UCP1 and PGC-1α in brown and white adipose tissue. We have previously reported that C/EBPβ specifically binds to the CRE on the proximal Pgc-1α promoter and increases forskolin-sensitive Pgc-1α and Ucp1 expression in white 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. Here we show that in mice exposed to a cold environment for 24 h, Pgc-1α, Ucp1, and C/ebpβ but not C/ebpα or C/ebpδ expression were increased in BAT. Conversely, expression of the C/EBP dominant negative Chop10 was increased in WAT but not BAT during cold exposure. Reacclimatization of cold-exposed mice to a warm environment for 24 h completely reversed these changes in gene expression. In HIB-1B, brown preadipocytes, forskolin increased expression of Pgc-1α, Ucp1, and C/ebpβ early in differentiation and inhibited Chop10 expression. Employing chromatin immunoprecipitation, we demonstrate that C/EBPβ, CREB, ATF-2, and CHOP10 are bound to the Pgc-1α proximal CRE, but CHOP10 does not bind in HIB-1B cell lysates. Forskolin stimulation and C/EBPβ overexpression in 3T3-L1 cells increased C/EBPβ and CREB but displaced ATF-2 and CHOP10 binding to the Pgc-1α proximal CRE. Overexpression of ATF-2 and CHOP10 in 3T3-L1 cells decreased Pgc-1α transcription. Knockdown of Chop10 in 3T3-L1 cells using siRNA increased Pgc-1α transcription, whereas siRNA against C/ebpβ in HIB-1B cells decreased Pgc-1α and Ucp1 expression. We conclude that the increased cAMP stimulation of Pgc-1α expression is regulated by the combinatorial effect of transcription factors acting at the CRE on the proximal Pgc-1α promoter.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
ISSN: 0021-9258
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 06:51
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/65563

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