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Regulation of troponin T expression during muscle development in sea bream Sparus auratus Linnaeus: the potential role of thyroid hormones

Campinho, M. A., Sweeney, Glen E. and Power, D. M. 2006. Regulation of troponin T expression during muscle development in sea bream Sparus auratus Linnaeus: the potential role of thyroid hormones. Journal of Experimental Biology 209 (23) , pp. 4751-4767. 10.1242/jeb.02555

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Abstract

In the sea bream Sparus auratus three stage-specific fast troponin T (fTnT) isoforms have been cloned and correspond to embryonic-, larval- and adult-specific isoforms. Characterisation, using database searches, of the putative genomic organisation of Fugu rubripes and Tetraodon nigroviridis fTnT indicates that alternative exon splicing in the 5 region of the gene generates the different isoforms. Moreover, comparison of teleost fTnTs suggests that alternative splicing of fTnT appears to be common in teleosts. A different temporal expression pattern for each fTnT splice varotnt is found during sea bream development and probably relates to differing functional demands, as a highly acidic embryonic form (pI 5.16) is substituted by a basic larval form (pI 9.57). Thyroid hormones (THs), which play an important regulatory role in muscle development in flatfish and tetrapods, appear also to influence TnT gene expression in the sea bream. However, THs have a divergent action on different sea bream TnT genes and although the slow isoform (sTnT1) is TH-responsive, fTnT, sTnT2 and the itronless isoform (iTnT) are unaffected. The present results taken together with those published for flatfish seem to suggest differences may exist in the regulation of larval muscle development in teleosts.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Company of Biologists
ISSN: 0022-0949
Last Modified: 02 May 2019 10:58
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/65582

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