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The reliability of excitatory synaptic transmission in slices of rat visual cortex in vitro is temperature dependent

Hardingham, Neil Robert and Larkman, Alan U. 1998. The reliability of excitatory synaptic transmission in slices of rat visual cortex in vitro is temperature dependent. The Journal of Physiology 507 (1) , pp. 249-256. 10.1111/j.1469-7793.1998.249bu.x

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Abstract

1. A total of twelve synaptic connections between pairs of pyramidal neurones in layer 2/3 of slices of rat visual cortex maintained in vitro was investigated using whole-cell voltage recordings under visual control. The connections varied widely in strength, with the mean peak amplitudes of the resulting excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) ranging between approximately 40 μV and 2. mV at 23°C. The smaller mean amplitudes included a substantial proportion of apparent failures of transmission.2The properties of these EPSPs were examined over a range of temperatures between 13 and 36°C. All the connections became more reliable, in that they showed fewer apparent failures of transmission, and showed less trial-to-trial variability at the higher temperatures. These changes appeared to be due primarily to an increase in the mean number of transmitter quanta released per presynaptic action potential.3. At 36°C most connections were relatively reliable, with a mean failure rate of only 16%. Five connections showed virtually no failures (1% or fewer) at this temperature.4. We conclude that quantal transmitter release is temperature dependent at these synapses, and that experiments performed at room temperature could lead to an exaggerated impression of the unreliability of transmission at central excitatory synapses.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: The Physiological Society
ISSN: 0022-3751
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 06:53
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/66093

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