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Domestic and travel-related foodborne gastrointestinal illness in a population health survey

Evans, Matthew R., Sarvotham, Tinnu, Thomas, Daniel Rhys and Howard, Anna 2006. Domestic and travel-related foodborne gastrointestinal illness in a population health survey. Epidemiology and Infection 134 (04) , pp. 686-693. 10.1017/S0950268805005790

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Abstract

Routine surveillance data underestimate incidence of foodborne gastrointestinal (FGI) illness and provide little information on illness related to travel. We analysed data from the Welsh Health Survey to estimate population incidence, and to examine risk factors for FGI and factors associated with consulting a doctor. Reported frequency of any FGI in the 3 months before interview was 20·0% [95% confidence interval (CI) 19·5–20·4; equivalent to 0·8 episodes per person-year], and for travel-related FGI was 1·6% (95% CI 1·5–1·8). In the final model, sex, age group, marital status, self-reported health, long-term illness, smoking and alcohol consumption were all independent predictors of FGI. People who consulted a doctor were likely to be older, in poorer health, taking regular medication, or to report mental illness. FGI is common but risk factors for illness and consultation differ and impressions of the epidemiology of the disease based on surveillance data are therefore distorted.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISSN: 0950-2688
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2019 00:06
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/66733

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