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Functional identification of three major phosphoproteins in endocytic fractions from rat liver. A comparative in vivo and in vitro study

Enrich, Carlos, Verges, Marcel and Evans, William Howard 1995. Functional identification of three major phosphoproteins in endocytic fractions from rat liver. A comparative in vivo and in vitro study. European Journal of Biochemistry 231 (3) , pp. 802-808. 10.1111/j.1432-1033.1995.0802d.x

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Abstract

Liver plasma membranes originating from the sinusoidal, lateral and canalicular domains and ‘early’ and ‘late’ endosomes were prepared from rats injected with [32P]orthophosphate. The phosphorylated polypeptides in these subcellular fractions, resolved by gel electrophoresis, were analysed and compared with those obtained by in vitro phosphorylation of the fractions by endogenous protein kinases. The polypeptides phosphorylated in vitro were different in plasma membranes, endosomes and lysosomes. Three of the major phosphoproteins in the endocytic membranes were shown to be the polymeric immunoglobulin receptor, the β subunit of the insulin receptor and the 550-kDa low-density-lipoprotein-receptor-related protein (LRP). An additional 35-kDa polypeptide of unknown function was a major phosphorylated component and thus emerges as a candidate marker protein of hepatic endosomes. Phosphoserine was shown to be the major amino acid phosphorylated in vitro in the phosphoproteins of endocytic membranes. The subcellular distribution in liver tissue of protein kinase activity was also investigated and activity shown to be recovered mainly in blood-sinusoidal and lateral plasma membranes; bile canalicular plasma membranes and endosomes contained low protein kinase activities. The results show that receptor phosphorylation is an ‘early’ event in endocytosis and the trafficking of ligands that is sustained especially in early endosomes in liver, and emphasizes the biochemical and thus functional distinctiveness of the plasma membrane and the endosomal and lysosomal compartments with regard to their population of phosphorylated proteins.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 0014-2956
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 07:26
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/66742

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