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CHAPTER 1. General introduction to the field of environmental catalysis: green catalysis with supported gold and gold bimetallic nanoparticles

Dimitratos, Nikolaos, Kiely, Christopher John and Hutchings, Graham John 2013. CHAPTER 1. General introduction to the field of environmental catalysis: green catalysis with supported gold and gold bimetallic nanoparticles. In: Avgouropoulos, George and Tabakova, Tatyana eds. Environmental Catalysis over Gold-Based Materials, Royal Society of Chemistry, pp. 1-20. (10.1039/9781849737364-00001)

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Abstract

A general introduction to environmental catalysis using supported gold and gold bimetallic alloy nanoparticles is presented. The general concepts of environmental catalysts are discussed and then two examples are described in more detail. The possibility of using sustainable feedstocks for the generation of chemicals is also considered. The modern chemical industry has been built up on processes that utilise key platform chemicals, e.g. ethene, propene, benzene and xylenes. These are readily derived from oil. Alternatively, natural gas can be steam reformed to give synthesis gas which provides an additional route to alcohols and hydrocarbons. While it is feasible that biomass can be converted to syngas and hence to existing key platform chemicals, this loses all of the chemical complexity that is inherent to bio‐derived molecules. However, bio‐derived sustainable feedstocks contain excessive levels of oxygen, and de‐oxygenation and dehydration reactions are required. In this chapter the general field is introduced and, in particular, the oxidation of glycerol using supported gold and gold bimetallic nanoparticles is described. In addition the use of solvent‐free reaction conditions is also discussed.

Item Type: Book Section
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 9781849735711
ISSN: 17576733
Last Modified: 20 Dec 2017 03:02
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/67322

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