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RhPt/graphite catalysts for CO electrooxidation: Performance of mixed metal and alloyed surfaces

Fang, L., Vidal-Iglesias, F. J., Huxter, S. E., Attard, Gary Anthony and Wells, P. B. 2015. RhPt/graphite catalysts for CO electrooxidation: Performance of mixed metal and alloyed surfaces. Surface Science 631 , pp. 258-266. 10.1016/j.susc.2014.06.026

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Abstract

Cyclic voltammetry (CV) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) have been used to characterise novel PtRh mixed metal and surface alloyed active phases supported on 5% Pt/graphite catalysts (5% Pt/G). The active phases could be prepared using forced deposition or a combination of forced deposition and thermal annealing in a flowing 5% hydrogen in argon gas mixture at 700 K. The protocols employed originate directly from previous single crystal studies of Rh on Pt{100} whereby Rh overlayers (either singly adsorbed or as a ‘sandwich structure’ of alternate Pt/Rh/Pt layers) could be transformed into surface PtRh alloys by careful thermal annealing. We demonstrate that this method is also successful for the preparation of active supported catalysts for CO electrooxidation whereby a peak potential as low as 0.60 V (Pd/H) for the CO oxidation is reported (0.12 V lower than that on 5% Pt/G). Moreover, the onset potential for CO stripping is lowered to 0.33 V (Pd/H). The presence of alloyed PtRh phases gives rise to a small but reproducible 0.1–0.2 eV shift to higher binding energy of the Pt 4f7/2 XPS peak together with strongly modified Pt and Rh electrosorption features in the CV which correlate with changes in surface composition. Unusual kinetic behaviour in the CO stripping peaks from the PtRh catalyst as a function of CO coverage is ascribed to competition between electrochemical oxide on Rh and CO-induced blocking of electrochemical oxide formation sites at the highest CO coverage. For PtRh alloys, the onset of electrochemical oxide formation shifts to more positive potentials relative to Rh overlayers and so a different behaviour towards CO electrooxidation is observed.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords: PtRh surface alloy; Forced deposition; CO electro-catalytic oxidation; Cyclic voltammetry; X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0039-6028
Funders: EPSRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 07:47
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/67934

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