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The new geography of food security: exploring the potential of urban food strategies

Sonnino, Roberta 2016. The new geography of food security: exploring the potential of urban food strategies. The Geographical Journal 182 (2) , pp. 190-200. 10.1111/geoj.12129

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Abstract

Food insecurity is increasingly ‘bimodal’, encompassing issues of quantity and quality, under- and overconsumption, in developed and developing countries alike. At a time when most of the world's population lives in cities, food security has also assumed a strong urban dimension, raising new issues of physical and financial access to food. Finally, the recent emergence of a ‘New Food Equation’, marked by food price hikes, dwindling natural resources, land grabbing activities, social unrest, and the effects of climate change, is bringing onto the global food security agenda a range of often interrelated sustainability concerns. Responses to this new geography of food security are increasingly emerging at the local level, particularly in industrialised countries, where municipal governments are recasting themselves as food system innovators. Based on the documentary analysis of 15 urban food strategies from Canada, the USA and the UK, the paper addresses three main questions: What type of ‘foodscape’ do these documents envision, and why? Does the rescaling of food governance coincide with the emergence of a new localistic approach to food security? What type of priorities and concrete measures do city governments identify to deal with the new geography of food security? By highlighting the centrality of the relationships between urban and rural areas and actors as targeted intervention areas, the analysis raises the need for a tighter scholarly and policy focus on ‘connectivities’ – i.e. the role of food exchange nodes and of governance coordination in the design and implementation of more effective food security strategies.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Geography and Planning (GEOPL)
Uncontrolled Keywords: food security; urban food strategies; local food systems;policy analysis
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 1475-4959
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 4 April 2016
Date of Acceptance: 1 October 2014
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2019 09:03
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/68092

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