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Vanadium Phosphate Oxide Seeds and Their Influence on the Formation of Vanadium Phosphate Catalyst Precursors

Al Otaibi, Raja, Weng, Waihao, Bartley, Jonathan Keith, Dummer, Nicholas, Kiely, Christopher John and Hutchings, Graham John 2010. Vanadium Phosphate Oxide Seeds and Their Influence on the Formation of Vanadium Phosphate Catalyst Precursors. ChemCatChem 2 (4) , pp. 443-452. 10.1002/cctc.200900274

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Abstract

Vanadium phosphate materials, based on a VOHPO40.5H2O precursor and with (VO)2P2O7 as an active high-temperature phase, are used as catalysts for the oxidation of alkanes. VOHPO40.5H2O is prepared from VOPO42H2O using 1-octanol, 3-octanol, 2-butanol, or 2-methyl-1-propanol as both solvent and reducing agent. With 1-octanol, the reaction temperature was found to be crucial in obtaining a high yield of the precursor phase. At temperatures of 160°C or greater, a solution containing V4+ ions formed in preference to VOHPO40.5H2O. However, VOHPO40.5H2O formation can be achieved above 160°C by carrying out the reduction process in the presence of a small amount of vanadium phosphate material, which effectively acts as a templating seed. The use of this seeding concept is shown to have a dramatic effect on the morphology of the final activated catalyst. In contrast, when 3-octanol is used, solely VO(H2PO4)2 is generated, except in the presence of a vanadium phosphate seed where significant amounts of VOHPO40.5H2O can also be formed. Furthermore, VO(H2PO4)2 can be transformed to VOHPO40.5H2O by heating at reflux with an alcohol in the presence of VOHPO40.5H2O precursor seeds. The findings reported herein show that both the phase composition and morphology of vanadium phosphates can be influenced by the use of seeds during the preparation process.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Publisher: Wiley
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2018 23:23
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/6823

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