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Changing profiles of proteoglycans in the transition of predentine to dentine

Waddington, Rachel J., Hall, R.C., Embery, Graham and Lloyd, D.M. 2003. Changing profiles of proteoglycans in the transition of predentine to dentine. Matrix Biology 22 (2) , pp. 153-161. 10.1016/S0945-053X(03)00019-2

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Abstract

Proteoglycans and their constituent glycosaminoglycans have been proposed to play important roles in matrix mediated formation of mineralised tissues, such as dentine. This study has examined the changing profile of proteoglycan species during the transition of unmineralised predentine to mineralised dentine. Three-week-old calves teeth were collected and proteoglycans purified from the predentine, the predentine/dentine interface and dentine. Decorin and biglycan, together with related degradation products, were identified in the predentine fraction, alongside degradation products of versican, indicating metabolism of the proteoglycan components within this tissue. Decorin and biglycan were also identified as major proteoglycan species within extracts from the predentine/dentine interface and dentine. Analysis of the glycosaminoglycan constituents within each fraction demonstrated significant changes in their composition. Predentine contained a high proportion of dermatan sulfate (DS) (51.5%), with chondroitin sulfate (CS) (17.8%) and hyaluronan (HA) (30.7%) additionally identified. Within the predentine/dentine interface the proportion of CS increased greatly (62.5%), with corresponding decrease in the proportion of DS (21.4%) and HA (16.1%) also evident. CS only was identifiable within the dentine matrix. A four-fold increase in the level of sulfation was identified for glycosaminoglycans extracted from the predentine/dentine interface compared with the predentine and dentine fraction. The ratio of ?Di4S:?Di6S was higher for glycosaminoglycans isolated from the predentine fraction. Glycosaminoglycans extracted from the dentine fraction possessed longer chain lengths than those present in the predentine and predentine/dentine fractions. The results indicate that the proteoglycans within each fraction undergo subtle structural modification, particularly at the onset of mineralisation, indicating an active involvement of these macromolecules in the overall mineralisation process.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Proteoglycans ; Mineralisation ; Dentine; Dentinogenesis
ISSN: 0945053X
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 01:35
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/684

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