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The Effect of Cr, Ni, Fe, and Mn Dopants on the Performance of Hydrothermal Synthesized Vanadium Phosphate Catalysts for n-Butane Oxidation

Taufiq-Yap, Yun, Theam, K. L., Hutchings, Graham John, Dummer, Nicholas and Bartley, Jonathan Keith 2010. The Effect of Cr, Ni, Fe, and Mn Dopants on the Performance of Hydrothermal Synthesized Vanadium Phosphate Catalysts for n-Butane Oxidation. Petroleum Science and Technology 28 (10) , pp. 997-1012. 10.1080/10916460903058004

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Abstract

Vanadium phosphorus oxide (VPO) catalysts synthesized via hydrothermal method were introduced with some different dopants, Cr, Ni, Fe, and Mn during the preparation of the precursors, VOHPO4 · 0.5H2O. All modified precursors were subsequently transformed under reaction conditions to give the active phase, (VO)2P2O7. Several techniques were used to characterize the physicochemical properties of the catalysts, such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), H2-temperature programmed reduction (TPR), laser Raman spectroscopy (LRS), and chemical analysis. The catalytic performance of the catalysts for selective oxidation of n-butane to maleic anhydride has been carried out by using a fixed bed microreactor (673 K, gas hourly space velocity [GHSV] = 2,400 hr-1). The results show that the addition of dopants into the VPO catalysts increased the surface area of the catalysts and induced the formation of V5+ phases as shown in XRD and LRS spectra that promoted the catalytic performance. A further water reflux treatment to all the precursors gave catalysts with only (VO)2P2O7 phase. However, the activity and selectivity of these catalysts were reduced markedly.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 1091-6466
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2019 22:39
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/6855

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