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Adsorption and interactions of dentine phosphoprotein with hydroxyapatite and collagen

Milan, Anna Margaret, Sugars, Rachael V., Embery, Graham and Waddington, Rachel J. 2006. Adsorption and interactions of dentine phosphoprotein with hydroxyapatite and collagen. European Journal of Oral Sciences 114 (3) , pp. 223-231. 10.1111/j.1600-0722.2006.00347.x

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Abstract

Dentine phosphoprotein (DPP) has been proposed to both promote and inhibit mineral deposition during dentinogenesis. The present study aimed to investigate the molecular interactions of DPP and dephosphorylated DPP (DPP-p) with hydroxyapatite (HAP). Bovine DPP was purified and dephosphorylated by alkaline phosphatase to obtain DPP-p. DPP and DPP-p adsorption to HAP was determined along with their ability, when free in solution or bound to collagen, to influence HAP-induced crystal growth. Absorption isotherms suggested that lower DPP concentrations (1.5–6.25 µg ml?1) demonstrated a reduced affinity for HAP compared with higher protein concentrations (12.5–50.0 µg ml?1). Dephosphorylated DPP had a much reduced affinity for HAP compared with DPP. Dentine phosphoprotein inhibited seeded HAP crystal growth, in a dose-dependent manner, whilst removal of the phosphate groups reduced this inhibition. When bound to collagen fibrils, DPP significantly promoted the rate of HAP crystal growth over 0–8 min. Conversely, DPP-p and collagen significantly decreased the rate of crystal growth over 0–18 min. These results indicate a major role for the phosphate groups present on DPP in HAP crystal growth. In addition, concentration-dependent conformational changes to DPP, and the interaction with other matrix components, such as collagen, are important in predicting its dual role in the mineralization of dentine.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Uncontrolled Keywords: dentine ; hydroxyapatite ; mineralization ; phosphoprotein
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0909-8836
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 01:35
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/687

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