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Subtyping of Clostridium difficile PCR ribotype 001 by REP-PCR and PFGE

Northey, Gemma, Gal, Micaela, Rahmati, A. and Brazier, J. S. 2005. Subtyping of Clostridium difficile PCR ribotype 001 by REP-PCR and PFGE. Journal of Medical Microbiology 54 (Pt6) , pp. 543-547. 10.1099/jmm.0.45989-0

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The REP-PCR (repetitive sequence-based PCR using repetitive extragenic palindromic primers) typing method and a modified PFGE method were applied to isolates of Clostridium difficile PCR ribotype 001 with the aim of comparing their performance as methods of subtyping this organism. Of 200 isolates from 60 hospitals tested by REP-PCR, eight subtypes were identified and labelled as REP-PCR subtypes 001-008. The predominant subtype, REP-PCR subtype 003, accounted for 47% of the total. Fifty-two of the 200 isolates were analysed by a modified PFGE method and seven subtypes were identified, labelled as PF-A-PF-G. There was excellent correlation between REP-PCR subtypes and PFGE subtypes with both methods displaying broadly similar discriminatory powers. However, REP-PCR subtyping proved to be a much easier, cheaper and more rapid method suitable for application for routine subtyping of C. difficile ribotype 001. Application of REP-PCR subtyping to UK isolates of C. difficile PCR ribotype 001 from 60 different centres revealed a wide distribution of REP-PCR subtype 003 throughout England and Wales, with a regional clustering of REP-PCR subtype 001 around Northwest England and North Wales. Analysis of isolates from a single hospital over a 4-year period revealed a change in predominant subtype over time.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Publisher: Society for General Microbiology
ISSN: 0022-2615
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2020 04:14

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