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Environmental comfort in the living heritage of the Chilean Araucania: The Ruka Lafkenche and the Fogon Pehuenche.

Whitman, Christopher and Turnbull, Neil 2014. Environmental comfort in the living heritage of the Chilean Araucania: The Ruka Lafkenche and the Fogon Pehuenche. Presented at: 8th Windsor Conference: Counting the Cost of Comfort in a changing world, Cumberland Lodge, Windsor, UK, 10-13 April 2014. Published in: Nicol, Fergus, Roaf, Susan, Brotas, Luisa and Humphreys, Michael eds. Windsor Conference 2014: Counting the Cost of Comfort in a Changing World. Network for Comfort and Energy Use in Buildings, pp. 1126-1396.

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Abstract

Indigenous architecture’s adaption to its climate and its use of local materials has attracted interest in the search for a sustainable built environment. In Chile surviving examples include the iconic Ruka Lafkenche and the little known Fogón Pehuenche. United by the world outlook of the Mapuche people, these two examples are located in different climates and as a result different construction systems have developed. This paper presents the results of a government funded research project, which studies their construction materials and techniques, and presents an evaluation of the previously unstudied internal environmental comfort. The results show that materials used are low carbon and locally resourced; open hearths achieve a comfortable globe temperature for those gathered around them; however they have little effect on the dry-bulb temperature and produce large quantities of ultrafine particulate matter. This poor indoor air quality presents a challenge for achieving internal environmental comfort. However the approach to the use of low impact, local, biodegradable materials is exemplary and provides valuable indications of how a sustainable and appropriate architecture might be developed for the Chilean Araucanía region.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Architecture
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
Publisher: Network for Comfort and Energy Use in Buildings
ISBN: 97809928895709
Funders: Consejo Nacional de la Cultura y las Artes, Chile
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 07:55
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/69732

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