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Pacifiers disrupt adults' responses to infants' emotions

Rychlowska, Magdalena, Korb, Sebastian, Brauer, Markus, Droit-Volet, Sylvie, Augustinova, Maria, Zinner, Leah and Niedenthal, Paula M. 2014. Pacifiers disrupt adults' responses to infants' emotions. Basic and Applied Social Psychology 36 (4) , pp. 299-308. 10.1080/01973533.2014.915217

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Abstract

Research shows that pacifiers disrupt infants' mimicry of facial expressions. This experiment examines whether pacifiers interfere with caretakers' ability to mimic infants' emotions. Adults saw photographs of infants with or without a pacifier. When infants had pacifiers, perceivers showed reduced EMG activity to infants' smiles. Smiles of infants using a pacifier were also rated as less happy than smiles depicted without a pacifier. The same pattern was observed for expressions of distress: adults rated infants presented with pacifiers as less sad than infants without pacifiers. We discuss deleterious effects of pacifier use for the perceiver's resonance with a child's emotions.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 0197-3533
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2019 03:31
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/70298

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