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Sevoflurane (12% and 8%) inhalational induction in children

Chawathe, M., Zatman, T., Hall, Judith Elizabeth, Gildersleve, Christopher, Jones, R. M., Wilkes, A. R., Aguilera, I. M. and Armstrong, T. S. 2005. Sevoflurane (12% and 8%) inhalational induction in children. Pediatric Anesthesia 15 (6) , pp. 470-475. 10.1111/j.1460-9592.2005.01478.x

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Sevoflurane induction of anesthesia is frequently used in children. Rapidly performed inhalational induction may reduce excitation during early anesthesia. Increasing the total anesthetic MAC delivered to patients can be achieved by increasing volatile concentration or adding nitrous oxide. The latter reduces inspired oxygen concentration delivered, which may not be desirable. Even 8% sevoflurane induction is associated with excitation. A system capable of delivering 12% sevoflurane using two tandem vaporizers has been developed. METHODS: A randomized double blind study was undertaken to assess whether 12% sevoflurane offered any advantage over 8% in time and quality of induction. Sixty children aged 5-10 years were recruited and received either 12 or 8% sevoflurane. Time to loss of eyelash reflex, central pupils, incidence of adverse events, induction quality, systolic blood pressure and heart rate were recorded. RESULTS: Twelve percent sevoflurane reduced time to loss of eyelash reflex compared with 8% [mean (sd): 35 (12) and 46 (14) P<0.05], but the reduction was only 10% higher than the error in the measurement (assessment every 10 s). Twelve percent sevoflurane offered significantly better quality of induction (P<0.05). There was no difference in cardiovascular stability between groups, although heart rate rose significantly in both groups. Maintaining sevoflurane at 12% for 4 min caused significant amounts of apnea (69% with 12% and 38% with 8%, P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Twelve percent sevoflurane offers a smoother anesthesia induction than 8% in children of this age with no additional consequences for the cardiovascular system.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 1155-5645
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 07:59
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/71346

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