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Environmental monitoring during gaseous induction with sevoflurane

Hall, Judith Elizabeth, Henderson, K. A., Oldham, T. A., Pugh, S. and Harmer, M. 1997. Environmental monitoring during gaseous induction with sevoflurane. British Journal of Anaesthesia 79 (3) , pp. 342-345. 10.1093/bja/79.3.342

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Abstract

Recent research has shown that gaseous induction in adults with sevoflurane is an acceptable technique. This study was undertaken to assess if gaseous induction using sevoflurane carried in both oxygen alone, and in nitrous oxide and oxygen combined, would provide acceptable pollution levels. As an occupational exposure standard has not been set for sevoflurane, we used the target level of 20 ppm set by the manufacturer. Environmental monitoring was carried out in the anaesthetic room during eight lists where consecutive triple vital capacity sevoflurane inductions were performed. Time-weighted averages for both gases over the duration of the lists were well below the occupational exposure standards (mean 1.1 (range 0.6-1.7) for sevoflurane and 17.3 (12-23) for nitrous oxide). There were high peak concentrations during the induction process (8.3 (4.1-17) for sevoflurane and 172.4 (65-310) for nitrous oxide) although these decreased to low concentrations between anaesthetic inductions. Personal sampling was carried out from the anaesthetist's breathing zone and concentrations were also low (1.2 (0.8-2.1) for sevoflurane and 45.9 (10.1-261.6) for nitrous oxide.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0007-0912
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 08:00
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/71502

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