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Single-breath inhalation induction of sevoflurane anaesthesia with and without nitrous oxide: a feasibility study in adults and comparison with an intravenous bolus of propofol

Hall, Judith Elizabeth, Stewart, J. I. and Harmer, M. 1997. Single-breath inhalation induction of sevoflurane anaesthesia with and without nitrous oxide: a feasibility study in adults and comparison with an intravenous bolus of propofol. Anaesthesia -London- 52 (5) , pp. 410-415. 10.1111/j.1365-2044.1997.091-az0086.x

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Abstract

The induction characteristics of sevoflurane in nitrous oxide and oxygen were compared with sevoflurane in oxygen alone and a propofol infusion. A vital capacity technique was used for the gaseous induction groups using a Mapleson A system and a 4-litre reservoir bag. Four end-points of anaesthesia were recorded: time to cessation of finger tapping, time to loss of eyelash reflex, time to jaw relaxation and time to regular settled breathing after laryngeal mask airway insertion. We also recorded sequential blood pressure and pulse rate, the incidence of adverse airway events and the acceptability of the induction technique. Propofol had a faster time to cessation of finger tapping (p < 0.05) and jaw relaxation (p < 0.01). These differences disappeared with the final induction stage and sevoflurane in nitrous oxide and oxygen had the faster time to regular settled breathing, though this did not reach statistical significance. Cardiovascular stability was good and comparable in all groups. There were few adverse airway events in any group and none caused oxygen saturation to fall below 96%. There was more excitation in the gaseous induction groups, though this did not interfere with induction. Patient satisfaction with induction was high.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0003-2409
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 08:00
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/71504

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