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Insulin is a specific stimulus to hypothalamic Neuropeptide Y: A comparison of the effects of insulin replacement and food restriction in streptozocin-diabetic rats

McKibben, Pauline E., McCarthy, H. David, Shaw, Paul and Williams, Gareth 1992. Insulin is a specific stimulus to hypothalamic Neuropeptide Y: A comparison of the effects of insulin replacement and food restriction in streptozocin-diabetic rats. Peptides 13 (4) , pp. 721-727. 10.1016/0196-9781(92)90178-6

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Abstract

Untreated insulin-deficient diabetes causes hyperphagia and neuroendocrine disturbances that may be partly mediated by increased hypothalamic activity of neuropeptide Y (NPY), a potent central appetite stimulant. The metabolic signal that stimulates hypothalamic NPY is unknown. This study aimed to determine whether insulin deficiency or hyperglycemia was responsible. Regional hypothalamic NPY concentrations were compared in streptozocin-diabetic (STZ-D) rats rendered nearly normoglycemic by either insulin replacement or food restriction. Untreated STZ-D rats were hyperphagic and showed significantly increased (p < 0.01) hypothalamic NPY concentrations in the arcuate nucleus and lateral hypothalamic area. Once-daily ultralente insulin injections corrected hypoinsulinemia and hyperglycemia, abolished hyperphagia, and normalized NPY concentrations in all hypothalamic regions. By contrast, food restriction effectively lowered glycemia without raising insulin levels. In these underfed diabetic rats, NPY concentrations rose further and were significantly higher than nondiabetic and untreated diabetic levels in most hypothalamic regions. We conclude that insulin deficiency is a major stimulus to hypothalamic NPY in STZ-D, whereas hyperglycemia may exert an inhibitory influence. These findings support the hypothesis that hypothalamic NPY responds to specific metabolic cues and is involved in regulating energy balance and conserving body weight.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Neuropeptide Y; Hypothalamus; Insulin; Insulinopenia; Diabetes; Rat; Feeding
Publisher: Elsevier
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 08:00
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/71550

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