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Chewing gum: cognitive performance, mood, well-being and associated physiology

Allen, Andrew and Smith, Andrew Paul 2015. Chewing gum: cognitive performance, mood, well-being and associated physiology. BioMed Research International 2015 , 654806.

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Abstract

Recent evidence has indicated that chewing gum can enhance attention, as well as promoting well-being and work performance. Four studies (two experiments and two intervention studies) examined the robustness of and mechanisms for these effects. Study 1 investigated the acute effect of gum on mood in the absence of task performance. Study 2 examined the effect of rate and force of chewing on mood and attention performance. Study 3 assessed the effects of chewing gum during one working day on well-being and performance, as well as postwork mood and cognitive performance. In Study 4, performance and well-being were reported throughout the workday and at the end of the day, and heart rate and cortisol were measured. Under experimental conditions, gum was associated with higher alertness regardless of whether performance tasks were completed and altered sustained attention. Rate of chewing and subjective force of chewing did not alter mood but had some limited effects on attention. Chewing gum during the workday was associated with higher productivity and fewer cognitive problems, raised cortisol levels in the morning, and did not affect heart rate. The results emphasise that chewing gum can attenuate reductions in alertness, suggesting that chewing gum enhances worker performance.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Q Science > QP Physiology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
ISSN: 2314-6133
Related URLs:
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Date of Acceptance: 29 January 2015
Last Modified: 03 May 2019 15:13
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/72313

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