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Protein Kinase C is involved in the induction of ATP-Binding cassette transporter A1 expression by liver X receptor/retinoid X receptor agonist in human macrophages

Huwait, Etimad A., Singh, Nishi N., Michael, Daryn R., Davies, Thomas, Moss, Joe W. E. and Ramji, Dipak Purshottam 2015. Protein Kinase C is involved in the induction of ATP-Binding cassette transporter A1 expression by liver X receptor/retinoid X receptor agonist in human macrophages. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 116 (9) , pp. 2032-2038. 10.1002/jcb.25157

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Abstract

The transcription of the ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) gene, which plays a key anti-atherogenic role, is known to be induced by agonists of liver X receptors (LXRs). LXRs form obligate heterodimers with retinoid X receptors (RXRs) and interact with their recognition sequences in the regulatory regions of key genes implicated in the control of cholesterol, fatty acid and glucose homeostasis. We have previously shown a novel role for c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) in the LXRs-mediated induction of macrophage gene expression. Protein kinase C (PKC) is often found to regulate the action of nuclear receptors and cross talk between this kinase family and JNK and/or PI3K has been shown in several settings. We have therefore investigated a potential role for PKC in the action of LXR/RXR agonist 22-(R)-hydroxycholesterol (22-(R)-HC)/9-cis-retinoic acid (9cRA) in THP-1 macrophages, including the induction of ABCA1 expression. The pan PKC inhibitor bisindoylmaleimide was found to attenuate the induction of ABCA1 protein expression, the activation of the JNK signaling pathway and the stimulation of activator protein-1 (AP-1) DNA binding activity in macrophages treated with 22-(R)-HC and 9cRA. The role of PKC in the action of these ligands was confirmed further by the use of more isotype-specific inhibitors. These studies therefore reveal a potentially important role for PKC in the action of 22-(R)-HC and 9cRA in human macrophages. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISSN: 0730-2312
Date of Acceptance: 3 March 2015
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2019 13:05
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/72777

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Cited 5 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Cited 1 time in Web of Science. View in Web of Science.

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