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The 3-Dimensional construction of the average 11 year old child face: A clinical evaluation and application

Kau, Chung How, Zhurov, Alexi Ivanovich, Richmond, Stephen, Bibb, Richard, Sugar, Adrian, Knox, Jeremy and Hartles, Frank Roy 2006. The 3-Dimensional construction of the average 11 year old child face: A clinical evaluation and application. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 64 (7) , pp. 1086-1092. 10.1016/j.joms.2006.03.013

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Purpose This article describes construction of the average face and its application in the clinical environment. Subjects and Methods A total of 72 children, mean age 11.8 years, were selected for the study. Laser-scanned images of the subjects were obtained under a reproducible and controlled environment with 2 Minolta Vivid 900 (Minolta, Osaka, Japan) optical laser-scanning devices assembled as a stereo pair. A set of left and right scanned images was taken for each subject and each scan took an average of 2.5 seconds. These scanned images were processed and merged to form a composite 3-dimensional soft tissue reproduction of the subjects using commercially-available reverse modeling software. The differences in facial morphology were measured using shell deviation color maps. The average face was used to compare differences between male and female groups and 3 subjects with craniofacial anomalies. Results The difference between the average male and female face was 0.460

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
ISSN: 0278-2391
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 01:35

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Cited 44 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Cited 25 times in Web of Science. View in Web of Science.

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