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Identifying the environmental conditions favouring West Nile Virus outbreaks in Europe

Marcantonio, Matteo, Rizzoli, Annapaola, Metz, Markus, Rosà, Roberto, Marini, Giovanni, Chadwick, Elizabeth Anna and Neteler, Markus 2015. Identifying the environmental conditions favouring West Nile Virus outbreaks in Europe. Plos One 10 (3) , e0121158. 10.1371/journal.pone.0121158

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Abstract

West Nile Virus (WNV) is a globally important mosquito borne virus, with significant implications for human and animal health. The emergence and spread of new lineages, and increased pathogenicity, is the cause of escalating public health concern. Pinpointing the environmental conditions that favour WNV circulation and transmission to humans is challenging, due both to the complexity of its biological cycle, and the under-diagnosis and reporting of epidemiological data. Here, we used remote sensing and GIS to enable collation of multiple types of environmental data over a continental spatial scale, in order to model annual West Nile Fever (WNF) incidence across Europe and neighbouring countries. Multi-model selection and inference were used to gain a consensus from multiple linear mixed models. Climate and landscape were key predictors of WNF outbreaks (specifically, high precipitation in late winter/early spring, high summer temperatures, summer drought, occurrence of irrigated croplands and highly fragmented forests). Identification of the environmental conditions associated with WNF outbreaks is key to enabling public health bodies to properly focus surveillance and mitigation of West Nile virus impact, but more work needs to be done to enable accurate predictions of WNF risk.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR355 Virology
Publisher: Public Library of Science
ISSN: 1932-6203
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Date of Acceptance: 28 January 2015
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 08:07
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/73111

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Cited 3 times in Web of Science. View in Web of Science.

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