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A randomised controlled trial of a brief intervention after alcohol-related facial injury

Smith, Amanda Jane, Hodgson, Raymond J., Bridgeman, K. and Shepherd, Jonathan Paul 2003. A randomised controlled trial of a brief intervention after alcohol-related facial injury. Addiction 98 (1) , pp. 43-52. 10.1046/j.1360-0443.2003.00251.x

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Abstract

Aim To evaluate the effectiveness of a brief motivational intervention on alcohol consumption and misuse in young males with alcohol-related face injury. Design Randomized controlled trial. Setting Oral and maxillofacial surgery out-patient clinic in an urban teaching hospital. Participants One hundred and fifty-one participants were randomized to motivational intervention and control conditions. Interventions Control was treatment as usual. The intervention was treatment as usual plus a one-session brief motivational intervention administered by a nurse. Measurements Three sets of measurements were taken at baseline, 3-month and 1-year follow-up. Collateral measurements were also taken at 1-year follow-up. Primary outcome measures were total alcohol consumption, typical weeks consumption and days abstinent in preceding 3 months. Other outcome measures included the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, a short form of the Alcohol Problems Questionnaire, and a measure of satisfaction with social relationships. Results There was a significant decrease in 84-day total alcohol consumption across the year (P < 0.006) and further, a significant effect for the motivational intervention was demonstrated (P < 0.029). This pattern was repeated for days abstinent and alcohol consumption in a typical week as well as alcohol-related problems. There was a significantly greater reduction in the percentage of hazardous drinkers in the motivational intervention group (from 60% to 27%, P < 0.009) compared to the control group (from 54% to 51%, NS). Conclusion A proportion of young men change their alcohol consumption following alcohol-related injury. A nurse-led psychological intervention adds significantly to the proportion and magnitude of response.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Dentistry
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alcohol misuse ; Brief intervention ; Controlled trial ; Injury
ISSN: 1360-0443
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2017 08:34
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/742

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