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Reducing the demands of heating and cooling in Iranian hospitals

Khodakarami, Jamal, Knight, Ian Paul and Nasrollahi, Nazanin 2009. Reducing the demands of heating and cooling in Iranian hospitals. Renewable Energy 34 (4) , pp. 1162-1168. 10.1016/j.renene.2008.06.023

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Abstract

A previous study by the authors concluded that the optimal indoor air temperature for satisfying the wide range of occupancy needs in Iranian hospitals falls in a range from 24 °C to 26 °C. Other measures are also needed to achieve thermal comfort at this temperature for all occupants. This study examines, through modelling, a range of passive building fabric techniques in two monitored case study hospitals to examine how we might best achieve this range of indoor air temperatures, and reduce reliance on the heating and cooling systems. Both case study buildings are simulated using HTB2 in their original and modified states. Modifications are limited to changing the fabric of the buildings in the simulated models. The simulations show that it is theoretically possible to reduce the average heating demand in the two buildings to 9% of the original demand by area. Similarly the cooling demand can be reduced in both buildings to 73% of the original demand by area.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Architecture
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Heating and cooling demands; Thermal simulation; HTB2; Hospital; Iran; Lower carbon emission
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0960-1481
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:00
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/7426

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