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Alzheimer's disease risk variant in CLU is associated with neural inefficiency in healthy individuals

Lancaster, Thomas, Brindley, Lisa, Tansey, Katherine, Sims, Rebecca, Mantripragada, Kiran Kumar, Owen, Michael John, Williams, Julie and Linden, David Edmund Johannes 2015. Alzheimer's disease risk variant in CLU is associated with neural inefficiency in healthy individuals. Alzheimer's & Dementia 11 (10) , pp. 1144-1152. 10.1016/j.jalz.2014.10.012

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Abstract

Genome-wide association studies identify rs11136000 in the CLU gene, which codes for Apolipoprotein J/Clusterin, as a significant risk variant for Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the mechanisms by which this variant confers susceptibility remain relatively unknown. Eighty-five healthy Caucasian participants underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging during a working memory (WM) task and were genotyped for CLU rs11136000/APOE loci. Here we show that young individuals with the CLU rs11136000 risk variant (C) have higher activation levels in memory-related prefrontal and limbic areas during a WM task. We also found subtle reductions in gray matter in the right hippocampal formation in carriers of the risk variant. We suggest that this pattern of multimodal imaging results may reflect incipient structural differences and inefficient functional activation. This study supports accumulating evidence suggesting that genetic risk for AD affects the neural networks associated with memory in healthy individuals.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Advanced Research Computing @ Cardiff (ARCCA)
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Medicine
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Uncontrolled Keywords: fMRI; Imaging genetics; CLU; Alzheimer's disease; Hippocampus; rs11136000; DLPFC
Additional Information: Available online 10 December 2014
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1552-5260
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2019 23:54
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/74788

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