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A rare variant in APOC3 is associated with plasma triglyceride and VLDL levels in Europeans

Timpson, Nicholas J., Walter, Klaudia, Min, Josine L., Tachmazidou, Ioanna, Malerba, Giovanni, Shin, So-Youn, Chen, Lu, Futema, Marta, Southam, Lorraine, Iotchkova, Valentina, Cocca, Massimiliano, Huang, Jie, Memari, Yasin, McCarthy, Shane, Danecek, Petr, Muddyman, Dawn, Mangino, Massimo, Menni, Cristina, Perry, John R. B., Ring, Susan M., Gaye, Amadou, Dedoussis, George, Farmaki, Aliki-Eleni, Burton, Paul, Talmud, Philippa J., Gambaro, Giovanni, Spector, Tim D., Smith, George Davey, Durbin, Richard, Richards, J Brent, Humphries, Steve E., Zeggini, Eleftheria, Soranzo, Nicole, Al Turki, Saeed, Anderson, Carl, Anney, Richard, Antony, Dinu, Soler Artigas, Maria, Ayub, Muhammad, Balasubramaniam, Senduran, Barrett, Jeffrey C., Barroso, Inês, Beales, Phil, Bentham, Jamie, Bhattacharya, Shoumo, Birney, Ewan, Blackwood, Douglas, Bobrow, Martin, Bochukova, Elena, Bolton, Patrick, Bounds, Rebecca, Boustred, Chris, Breen, Gerome, Calissano, Mattia, Carss, Keren, Chatterjee, Krishna, Chen, Lu, Ciampi, Antonio, Cirak, Sebhattin, Clapham, Peter, Clement, Gail, Coates, Guy, Collier, David, Cosgrove, Catherine, Cox, Tony, Craddock, Nicholas John, Crooks, Lucy, Curran, Sarah, Curtis, David, Daly, Allan, Danecek, Petr, Davey Smith, George, Day-Williams, Aaron, Day, Ian N. M., Down, Thomas, Du, Yuanping, Dunham, Ian, Durbin, Richard, Edkins, Sarah, Ellis, Peter, Evans, David, Faroogi, Sadaf, Fatemifar, Ghazaleh, Fitzpatrick, David R., Flicek, Paul, Flyod, James, Foley, A Reghan, Franklin, Christopher S, Futema, Marta, Gallagher, Louise, Gaunt, Tom, Geihs, Matthias, Geschwind, Daniel, Greenwood, Celia, Griffin, Heather, Grozeva, Detelina, Guo, Xueqin, Guo, Xiaosen, Gurling, Hugh, Hart, Deborah, Hendricks, Audrey, Holmans, Peter Alan, Howie, Bryan, Huang, Jie, Huang, Liren, Hubbard, Tim, Humphries, Steve E., Hurles, Matthew E., Hysi, Pirro, Jackson, David K., Jamshidi, Yalda, Jing, Tian, Joyce, Chris, Kaye, Jane, Keane, Thomas, Keogh, Julia, Kemp, John, Kennedy, Karen, Kolb-Kokocinski, Anja, Lachance, Genevieve, Langford, Cordelia, Lawson, Daniel, Lee, Irene, Lek, Monkol, Liang, Jieqin, Lin, Hong, Li, Rui, Li, Yingrui, Liu, Ryan, Lönnqvist, Jouko, Lopes, Margarida, Lotchkova, Valentina, MacArthur, Daniel, Marchini, Jonathan, Maslen, John, Massimo, Mangino, Mathieson, Iain, Marenne, Gaëlle, McCarthy, Shane, McGuffin, Peter, McIntosh, Andrew, McKechanie, Andrew G., McQuillin, Andrew, Memari, Yasin, Metrustry, Sarah, Min, Josine, Mitchison, Hannah, Moayyeri, Alireza, Morris, James, Muddyman, Dawn, Muntoni, Francesco, Northstone, Kate, O'Donovan, Michael Conlon, Onoufriadis, Alexandros, O'Rahilly, Stephen, Oualkacha, Karim, Owen, Michael John, Palotie, Aarno, Panoutsopoulou, Kalliope, Parker, Victoria, Parr, Jeremy R., Paternoster, Lavinia, Paunio, Tiina, Payne, Felicity, Perry, John, Pietilainen, Olli, Plagnol, Vincent, Quaye, Lydia, Quail, Michael A., Raymond, Lucy, Rehnström, Karola, Richards, Brent, Ring, Susan, Ritchie, Graham R. S., Roberts, Nicola, Savage, David B., Scambler, Peter, Schiffels, Stephen, Schmidts, Miriam, Schoenmakers, Nadia, Semple, Robert K., Serra, Eva, Sharp, Sally I., Shihab, Hasheem, Shin, So-Youn, Skuse, David, Small, Kerrin, Soranzo, Nicole, Southam, Lorraine, Spasic-Boskovic, Olivera, Spector, Tim, St Clair, David, Stalker, Jim, Stevens, Elizabeth, St Pourcian, Beate, Sun, Jianping, Surdulescu, Gabriela, Suvisaari, Jaana, Tachmazidou, Ionna, Timpson, Nicholas, Tobin, Martin D., Valdes, Ana, Van Kogelenberg, Margriet, Vijayarangakannan, Parthiban, Visscher, Peter M., Wain, Louise V., Walter, Klaudia, Walters, James Tynan Rhys, Wang, Guangbiao, Wang, Jun, Wang, Yu, Ward, Kirsten, Wheeler, Elanor, Whyte, Tamieka, Williams, Hywel, Williamson, Kathleen A., Wilson, Crispian, Wilson, Scott G., Wong, Kim, Xu, ChangJiang, Yang, Jian, Zeggini, Eleftheria, Zhang, Fend, Zhang, Pingbo and Zheng, Hou-Feng 2014. A rare variant in APOC3 is associated with plasma triglyceride and VLDL levels in Europeans. Nature Communications 5 , 4871. 10.1038/ncomms5871

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Abstract

The analysis of rich catalogues of genetic variation from population-based sequencing provides an opportunity to screen for functional effects. Here we report a rare variant in ​APOC3 (rs138326449-A, minor allele frequency ~0.25% (UK)) associated with plasma triglyceride (TG) levels (−1.43 s.d. (s.e.=0.27 per minor allele (P-value=8.0 × 10−8)) discovered in 3,202 individuals with low read-depth, whole-genome sequence. We replicate this in 12,831 participants from five additional samples of Northern and Southern European origin (−1.0 s.d. (s.e.=0.173), P-value=7.32 × 10−9). This is consistent with an effect between 0.5 and 1.5 mmol l−1 dependent on population. We show that a single predicted splice donor variant is responsible for association signals and is independent of known common variants. Analyses suggest an independent relationship between rs138326449 and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels. This represents one of the first examples of a rare, large effect variant identified from whole-genome sequencing at a population scale.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 2041-1723
Date of Acceptance: 30 July 2014
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2019 20:39
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/74832

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