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The influence of CD44v3-v10 on adhesion, invasion and MMP-14 expression in prostate cancer cells

Harrison, G.M., Davies, G., Martin, Tracey Amanda, Mason, Malcolm David and Jiang, Wen Guo 2006. The influence of CD44v3-v10 on adhesion, invasion and MMP-14 expression in prostate cancer cells. Oncology Reports 15 (1) , pp. 199-206. 10.3892/or.15.1.199

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Abstract

The expression of certain CD44 variants has been linked with metastasis and tumour progression. In particular, high molecular weight forms of CD44 show restricted expression in tumours and may correlate with tumour development and metastasis. In this study, we examined the expression of CD44 variants in prostate cancer cell lines: the invasive PC-3 and DU-145, low invasive LNCaP, and two non-invasive prostate epithelial cell lines. PC-3 prostate cancer cells were transfected with a high molecular weight CD44 variant isoform, CD44v3-v10, isolated from non-invasive prostate epithelial cell lines. These transfected cells (PC-NIVO) were assessed using in vitro invasion, tumour-endothelial, growth, and migration assays. The expression of MMP-14 was examined using SDS-PAGE and Western blot analysis. Transfected PC-3 cells (PC-NIVO) were found to be less adherent to endothelial cells and had significantly reduced invasiveness compared to wild-type PC-3 or control cells. In addition, tumour cell adhesion to endothelial cells and invasiveness was increased after exposure to HGF/SF, and can be blocked by the presence of anti-CD44 antibodies. Further investigation revealed a reduction in the expression of MMP-14 in PC-NIVO cells, but not in PC-3 or control cells. In conclusion, non-invasive prostate epithelial cells express a high molecular weight CD44 isoform, CD44v3-v10, which may counteract the standard isoform function of CD44 by reducing adhesion and invasion of endothelium by prostate tumour cells through negation of the MMP-14 function.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Publisher: Spandidos Publications
ISSN: 1021-335X
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2019 20:15
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/77607

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