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Resolving relaxometry and diffusion properties within the same voxel in the presence of crossing fibres by combining inversion recovery and diffusion-weighted acquisitions

De Santis, Silvia, Barazany, Daniel, Jones, Derek K. and Assaf, Yaniv 2015. Resolving relaxometry and diffusion properties within the same voxel in the presence of crossing fibres by combining inversion recovery and diffusion-weighted acquisitions. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 75 (1) , pp. 372-380. 10.1002/mrm.25644

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Abstract

Purpose A comprehensive image-based characterization of white matter should include the ability to quantify myelin and axonal attributes irrespective of the complexity of fibre organization within the voxel. While progress has been made with diffusion MRI-based approaches to measure axonal morphology, to date available myelin metrics simply assign a single scalar value to the voxel, reflecting some form of average of its constituent fibres. Here, a new experimental framework that combines diffusion MRI and relaxometry is introduced. It provides, for the first time, the ability to assign to each unique fibre system within a voxel, a unique value of the longitudinal relaxation time, T1, which is largely influenced by the myelin content. Methods We demonstrate the method through simulations, in a crossing fibres phantom, in fixed brains and in vivo. Results The method is capable of recovering unique values of T1 for each fibre population. Conclusion The ability to extract fibre-specific relaxometry properties will provide enhanced specificity and, therefore, sensitivity to differences in white matter architecture, which will be invaluable in many neuroimaging studies. Further the enhanced specificity should ultimately lead to earlier diagnosis and access to treatment in a range of white matter diseases where axons are affected. Magn Reson Med, 2015. © 2015 The Authors. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of International Society of Medicine in Resonance. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre (CUBRIC)
Medicine
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Psychology
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISSN: 0740-3194
Funders: Wellcome
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Date of Acceptance: 10 December 2014
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2019 02:16
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/78066

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