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The influence of auranofin, a clinically established antiarthritic gold drug, on bone metabolism: analysis of its effects on human multipotent adipose-derived stem cells, taken as a model

Chiellini, Chiara, Casini, Angela, Cochet, Olivia, Gabbiani, Chiara, Ailhaud, Gerard, Dani, Christian, Messori, Luigi and Amri, Ez-Zoubir 2008. The influence of auranofin, a clinically established antiarthritic gold drug, on bone metabolism: analysis of its effects on human multipotent adipose-derived stem cells, taken as a model. Chemistry & Biodiversity 5 (8) , pp. 1513-1520. 10.1002/cbdv.200890140

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Abstract

Auranofin is a gold-based antiarthritic drug in clinical use for more that 25 years. However, in spite of a long established use, its specific effects on bone metabolism are still greatly controversial. We have analyzed in vitro the actions of auranofin on human multipotent adipose-derived stem (hMADS) cells, used as a model for bone metabolism, since these cells were reported to undergo osteogenesis both in vitro and in vivo. Cytotoxicity of auranofin on hMADS cells, differentiated into osteoblasts, was initially assessed. Thereafter, the consequences of exposure to nontoxic but clinically relevant auranofin concentrations were analyzed by monitoring the seleno-protein glutathione peroxidase 3 or alkaline phosphatase, a characteristic biomarker of osteogenesis. Notably, we found that chronic treatment with auranofin alters only weakly the levels of alkaline phosphatase, thus implying an overall modest effect on osteogenesis. In contrast, auranofin turned out to greatly affect glutathione peroxidase 3 activity. The possible medical implications of these findings are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Publisher: Wiley Blackwell
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 08:30
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/79366

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Cited 7 times in Web of Science. View in Web of Science.

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