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Conversational sensing

Preece, Alun, Gwilliams, Christopher, Parizas, Christos, Pizzocaro, Diego, Bakdash, Jonathan Z. and Braines, Dave 2014. Conversational sensing. Presented at: Sensing Technologies + Applications 2014, Published in: Broome, Barbara D., Hall, David L. and Llinas, James eds. Proceedings SPIE 9122, Next-Generation Analyst II. Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers, 91220I. 10.1117/12.2053283

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Abstract

Recent developments in sensing technologies, mobile devices and context-aware user interfaces have made it pos- sible to represent information fusion and situational awareness for Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) activities as a conversational process among actors at or near the tactical edges of a network. Motivated by use cases in the domain of Company Intelligence Support Team (CoIST) tasks, this paper presents an approach to information collection, fusion and sense-making based on the use of natural language (NL) and controlled nat- ural language (CNL) to support richer forms of human-machine interaction. The approach uses a conversational protocol to facilitate a ow of collaborative messages from NL to CNL and back again in support of interactions such as: turning eyewitness reports from human observers into actionable information (from both soldier and civilian sources); fusing information from humans and physical sensors (with associated quality metadata); and assisting human analysts to make the best use of available sensing assets in an area of interest (governed by man- agement and security policies). CNL is used as a common formal knowledge representation for both machine and human agents to support reasoning, semantic information fusion and generation of rationale for inferences, in ways that remain transparent to human users. Examples are provided of various alternative styles for user feedback, including NL, CNL and graphical feedback. A pilot experiment with human subjects shows that a prototype conversational agent is able to gather usable CNL information from untrained human subjects.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Computer Science & Informatics
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Publisher: Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers
ISSN: 0277-786X
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2017 05:04
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/79456

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