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The influence of polygenic risk for bipolar disorder on neural activation assessed using fMRI

Whalley, H C, Papmeyer, M, Sprooten, E, Romaniuk, L, Blackwood, D H, Glahn, D C, Hall, Jeremy, Lawrie, S M, Sussmann, Je and McIntosh, A M 2012. The influence of polygenic risk for bipolar disorder on neural activation assessed using fMRI. Translational Psychiatry 2 (7) , e130. 10.1038/tp.2012.60

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Abstract

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have demonstrated a significant polygenic contribution to bipolar disorder (BD) where disease risk is determined by the summation of many alleles of small individual magnitude. Modelling polygenic risk scores may be a powerful way of identifying disrupted brain regions whose genetic architecture is related to that of BD. We determined the extent to which common genetic variation underlying risk to BD affected neural activation during an executive processing/language task in individuals at familial risk of BD and healthy controls. Polygenic risk scores were calculated for each individual based on GWAS data from the Psychiatric GWAS Consortium Bipolar Disorder Working Group (PGC-BD) of over 16 000 subjects. The familial group had a significantly higher polygene score than the control group (P=0.04). There were no significant group by polygene interaction effects in terms of association with brain activation. However, we did find that an increasing polygenic risk allele load for BD was associated with increased activation in limbic regions previously implicated in BD, including the anterior cingulate cortex and amygdala, across both groups. The findings suggest that this novel polygenic approach to examine brain-imaging data may be a useful means of identifying genetically mediated traits mechanistically linked to the aetiology of BD.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Medicine
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 2158-3188
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 08:31
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/79797

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