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An fMRI study of attentional control in the context of emotional distracters in euthymic adults with bipolar disorder

Mullin, Benjamin C., Perlman, Susan B., Versace, Amelia, de Almeida, Jorge R.C., LaBarbara, Edmund J., Klein, Crystal, Ladouceur, Cecile D. and Phillips, Mary L. 2012. An fMRI study of attentional control in the context of emotional distracters in euthymic adults with bipolar disorder. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging 201 (3) , pp. 196-205. 10.1016/j.pscychresns.2011.09.002

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Abstract

Inability to modulate attention away from emotional stimuli may be a key component of dysregulated emotion in bipolar disorder (BD). Previous studies of BD indicate abnormalities in neural circuitry underlying attentional control, yet few studies examined attentional control in the context of emotional distracters. We compared activity and connectivity in neural circuitry supporting attentional control and emotion processing among 22 individuals with BD type 1, currently remitted and euthymic, and 19 healthy controls. Participants performed an emotional n-back paradigm, comprising high and low attentional demand conditions, each with either emotional (happy, fearful), neutral or no face flanker distracters. During the high attentional control demand conditions without emotional distracters, BD individuals showed reduced activity relative to controls in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC), and inferior parietal cortex. During the high attentional control demand conditions with fearful-face distracters, BD individuals showed greater activity than controls in these regions and amygdala and striatum. Relative to controls, BD individuals also showed abnormal patterns of effective connectivity between dACC and amygdala during high attentional control demand with emotional face distracters. Inter-episode bipolar disorder is characterized by abnormal recruitment of attentional control neural circuitry, especially in the context of emotionally distracting information.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0925-4927
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2015 10:09
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/79857

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