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Assessment of residence time in a hydrodynamic vortex separator by applying distribution models

O'Doherty, Timothy, Egarr, Darrell Anthony, Faram, M. G., Guymer, I. and Syred, Nicholas 2009. Assessment of residence time in a hydrodynamic vortex separator by applying distribution models. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part E: Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering 223 (3) , pp. 179-188. 10.1243/09544089JPME224

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Abstract

A number of models exist to simulate the residence time distribution (RTD) of a system or process. Four of these models known as the tanks in series model, axial dispersion model (ADM), aggregated dead zone model, and the advection dispersion equation, have been used to assess which is most suitable for representing the RTD of a hydrodynamic vortex separator (HDVS) when compared to RTD measurements taken under laboratory conditions on a full-scale 3.4 m diameter unit. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is also used to model the HDVS and compare with the RTD models and experimental measurements. It has been shown that the fit by each of the RTD models to observed RTDs vary quite considerably, with the ADM being the most appropriate for the HDVS studied, based on having the highest Rt2 value. Given the number of model variables that influence CFD predictions, the outputs from the CFD models appear to be reasonable.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: residence time; computational fluid dynamics; modelling; hydrodynamic vortex separator
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISSN: 0954-4089
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:02
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/7999

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