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Relationship between homozygosity at the dopamine D3 receptor gene and schizophrenia

Mant, R., Williams, J., Asherson, P., Parfitt, E., McGuffin, P. and Owen, Michael John 1994. Relationship between homozygosity at the dopamine D3 receptor gene and schizophrenia. American Journal of Medical Genetics 54 (1) , pp. 21-26. 10.1002/ajmg.1320540106

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We have reported an association between schizophrenia and homozygosity of a Bal I polymorphism in the first exon of the dopamine D3 receptor gene (Crocq et al.: Journal of Medical Genetics 29:858–860, 1992). The present study consists of an attempt to replicate this finding in a further sample of 66 patients and 97 controls. Once again more patients than controls were homozygous, but the effect was not as strong as in our first study (χ2 = 2.53, P = 0.05, one tailed). When pooled data from our two studies were analysed, excess homozygosity in patients remained highly significant (P = 0.002) with a particular excess of the 1 : 1 genotype (P = 0.01). This reflected a departure from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in the patients (P = 0.0005) but not the controls (P = 0.24). This led us to explore the possibility that there might be important differences between the patients in our two studies and that excess homozygosity might be a characteristic of particular subgroups of schizophrenics. Our findings suggest that the effect is consistently at its strongest in those patients who have a high familial loading and in those who have a good response to neuroleptic treatment, and that differences between our two samples might have contributed to the quantitatively different outcomes

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 0148-7299
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 08:35

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