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Is personality-disorder inherited - an overview of the evidence

Thapar, Anita and McGuffin, Peter 1993. Is personality-disorder inherited - an overview of the evidence. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 15 (4) , pp. 325-345. 10.1007/BF00965036

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Abstract

Genetic factors appear to be of considerable importance in determining normal variation in personality. This is suggested by family, twin, and adoption studies as well as by indirect findings based on animal and psychophysiological studies. In contrast, there is consistent evidence that the contribution of shared family environment is minimaL Despite difficulties in defining personality disorder, it appears that many types of personality disorder, in particular schizotypal personality disorder and antisocial personality disorder/criminality, are also influenced genetically. The genetic transmission of normal personality traits and disorder is most easily explained by the contribution of multiple genes of small effect rather than by single-gene inheritance. Recent advances in molecular genetics have led to the localization of genes of minor effect for some traits. This raises the possibility of detecting a molecular basis of traits and disorders such as personality and personality disorder.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Medicine
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 0882-2689
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 08:35
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/80731

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