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A family-based and case-control association study of the dopamine D4 receptor gene and dopamine transporter gene in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Holmes, J., Payton, A., Barrett, J. H., Hever, T., Fitzpatrick, H., Trumper, A. L., Harrington, R., McGuffin, P., Owen, Michael John, Ollier, W., Worthington, J. and Thapar, Anita 2000. A family-based and case-control association study of the dopamine D4 receptor gene and dopamine transporter gene in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Molecular Psychiatry 5 (5) , pp. 523-530. 10.1038/sj.mp.4000751

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Abstract

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a highly heritable psychiatric condition of early childhood onset characterised by marked inattention, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. Molecular genetic investigations of ADHD have found positive associations with the 480-bp allele of a VNTR situated in the 3' untranslated region of DAT1 and allele 7 of a VNTR in exon 3 of DRD4. A number of independent studies have attempted to replicate these findings but the results have been inconsistent. We used both family-based and case control approaches to examine these polymorphisms in a sample of 137 children diagnosed with ICD-10, DSM-IV or DSM-III-R ADHD. We found no evidence of association with the DAT1 polymorphism, despite a sample size that has up to 80% power to detect a previously reported effect size. We observed a significant increase in the DRD4 7 repeat allele amongst ADHD probands (21.7%) and their parents (18.9% in mothers, 22.3% in fathers), compared to ethnically matched controls (12.8%). However TDT analysis showed no preferential transmission of allele 7 to ADHD probands.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 1359-4184
Last Modified: 24 Dec 2017 21:09
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/81041

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