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Elevated P3b latency variability in carriers of ZNF804A risk allele for psychosis

Saville, Christopher W.N., Lancaster, Thomas M., Davies, Timothy J., Toumaian, Maida, Pappa, Eleni, Fish, Simon, Feige, Bernd, Bender, Stephan, Mantripragada, Kiran Kumar, Linden, David Edmund Johannes and Klein, Christoph 2015. Elevated P3b latency variability in carriers of ZNF804A risk allele for psychosis. NeuroImage 116 , pp. 207-13. 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.04.024

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Abstract

Increased intra-subject variability (ISV) in reaction times (RTs) is a candidate endophenotype for several psychiatric and neurological conditions, including schizophrenia. ISV reflects the degree of variability in RTs and is thought to be an index of the stability of cognition. It is generally assumed to have the same underlying physiological basis across conditions, but recent evidence raises the possibility that the neural underpinnings of ISV vary with aetiology. Combining genetics with single-trial event-related potentials is an ideal method for investigating the neural basis of ISV in groups where ISV may vary for relatively homogenous reasons. Here we examine the association between P3b latency variability and a polymorphism on the ZNF804A gene associated with psychosis. Ninety-one healthy volunteers genotyped for rs1344706, a polymorphism on ZNF804A, had electroencephalographic data recorded while carrying out three n-back tasks. Data were analysed with a single-trial approach and latency variability of the P3b was compared between the AA homozygous risk group (N=30) and C allele carriers (N=61). P3b latencies were more variable for AA carriers than C carriers. Behavioural ISV, however, was not associated with genotype. The increase in neurophysiological variability, unaccompanied by increased behavioural variability, suggests that this risk gene is associated with an attenuated form of an endophenotype associated with the psychosis phenotype. The increase in both stimulus and response-locked variability also contrasts with previous work into attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, where only response-locked P3b variability was elevated, suggesting that increased ISV may not signify the same underlying processes in all conditions with which it is associated.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1053-8119
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 08:37
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/81551

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