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A prospective pilot trial for pallidal deep brain stimulation in Huntington's Disease

Wojtecki, L., Groiss, S. J., Ferrea, S., Elben, S., Hartmann, C. J., Dunnett, Stephen Bruce, Rosser, Anne Elizabeth, Saft, C., Sudmeyer, M., Ohmann, C., Schnitzler, A. and Vesper, J. 2015. A prospective pilot trial for pallidal deep brain stimulation in Huntington's Disease. Frontiers in Neurology 6 , 177. 10.3389/fneur.2015.00177

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Movement disorders in Huntington's disease are often medically refractive. The aim of the trial was assessment of procedure safety of deep brain stimulation, equality of internal- and external-pallidal stimulation and efficacy followed-up for 6 months in a prospective pilot trial. METHODS: In a controlled double-blind phase six patients (four chorea-dominant, two Westphal-variant) with predominant movement disorder were randomly assigned to either the sequence of 6-week internal- or 6-week external-pallidal stimulation, or vice versa, followed by further 3 months chronic pallidal stimulation at the target with best effect-side-effect ratio. Primary endpoints were changes in the Unified Huntington's Disease Rating Scale motor-score, chorea subscore, and total motor-score 4 (blinded-video ratings), comparing internal- versus external-pallidal stimulation, and 6 months versus baseline. Secondary endpoints assessed scores on dystonia, hypokinesia, cognition, mood, functionality/disability, and quality-of-life. RESULTS: Intention-to-treat analysis of all patients (n = 3 in each treatment sequence): Both targets were equal in terms of efficacy. Chorea subscores decreased significantly over 6 months (-5.3 (60.2%), p = 0.037). Effects on dystonia were not significant over the group due to it consisting of three responders (>50% improvement) and three non-responders. Westphal patients did not improve. Cognition was stable. Mood and some functionality/disability and quality-of-life scores improved significantly. Eight adverse events and two additional serious adverse events - mostly internal-pallidal stimulation-related - resolved without sequalae. No procedure-related complications occurred. CONCLUSION: Pallidal deep brain stimulation was demonstrated to be a safe treatment option for the reduction of chorea in Huntington's disease. Their effects on chorea and dystonia and on quality-of-life should be examined in larger controlled trials

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Medicine
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Publisher: Frontiers Research Foundation
ISSN: 1664-2295
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Date of Acceptance: 27 July 2015
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2019 10:20
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/81564

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