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Evidence for association between polymorphisms in the promoter and coding regions of the 5-HT2A receptor gene and response to clozapine

Arranz, M. J., Munro, J., Owen, Michael John, Spurlock, G., Sham, P. C., Zhao, J., Kirov, George, Collier, D. A. and Kerwin, R. W. 1998. Evidence for association between polymorphisms in the promoter and coding regions of the 5-HT2A receptor gene and response to clozapine. Molecular Psychiatry 3 (1) , pp. 61-66. 10.1038/sj.mp.4000348

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Abstract

Clozapine is a potent atypical antipsychotic which binds to a variety of neurotransmitter receptors including serotonin (5-HT) receptors. However, the precise neurochemical site of clozapine's therapeutic action is unknown. We hypothesize that genetic variation in the neurotransmitter receptors to which the drug binds may influence clozapine response. To test this hypothesis we genotyped a novel -1438-G/A polymorphism detected in the promoter region, and a His452Tyr polymorphism described in the coding region of the 5-HT2A receptor gene in two independent samples of clozapine-treated patients including responders and non-responders. Although the strong association between these polymorphisms and clozapine response observed in the first sample (sample I) was not statistically significant in the second sample (sample II), the results in both samples were in the same direction. Homozygosity for the allele G-1438 was higher among non-responders (56% in sample I, 43% in sample II) than in responders (28% in sample I and 32% in sample II) in both samples. Similarly, the frequency of allele Tyr452 was higher in non-responders (11% in sample I, 16% in sample II) than in responders (6% in sample I and 10% in sample II). A combined analysis of both samples showed association between both polymorphisms and clozapine response. These results provide further evidence suggesting that genetic variation at 5-HT2A receptors may influence clozapine response and strengthen the candidacy of these receptors as important therapeutic targets.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 1359-4184
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 08:38
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/81768

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