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Alveolar macrophages are sentinels of murine pulmonary homeostasis following inhaled antigen challenge

Mathie, S. A., Dixon, K. L., Walker, S. A., Tyrell, Victoria Jayne, Mondhe, M., O'Donnell, Valerie Bridget, Gregory, L. G. and Lloyd, C. M. 2015. Alveolar macrophages are sentinels of murine pulmonary homeostasis following inhaled antigen challenge. Allergy 70 (1) , pp. 80-89. 10.1111/all.12536

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Abstract

Background Alveolar macrophages are sentinels of the pulmonary mucosa and central to maintaining immunological homeostasis. However, their role in governing the response to allergen is not fully understood. Inappropriate responses to the inhaled environment manifest as asthma. Methods We utilized a mechanistic IL-13-driven model and a house dust mite allergen mucosal sensitization model of allergic airway disease to investigate the role of alveolar macrophages in regulating pulmonary inflammation. Results IL-13-dependent eosinophilic and Th2 inflammation was enhanced in mice depleted of alveolar macrophages using clodronate liposomes. Similarly, depletion of alveolar macrophages during house dust mite sensitization or established disease resulted in augmented Th2 immunity and increased allergen-specific IgG1 and IgE. Clodronate treatment also delayed the resolution of tissue inflammation following cessation of allergen challenge. Strikingly, tissue interstitial macrophages were elevated in alveolar macrophage-deficient mice identifying a new homeostatic relationship between different macrophage subtypes. A novel role for the macrophage-derived immunoregulatory cytokine IL-27 was identified in modulating Th2 inflammation following mucosal allergen exposure. Conclusions In summary, alveolar macrophages are critical regulators of Th2 immunity and their dysregulation promotes an inflammatory environment with exacerbation of allergen-induced airway pathology. Manipulating IL-27 may provide a novel therapeutic strategy for the treatment of asthma.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR180 Immunology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alveolar macrophage; homeostasis; house dust mite; interleukin-13; lung
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0105-4538
Date of Acceptance: 17 October 2014
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2018 21:35
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/81869

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