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Tryptophan hydroxylase and catechol-O-methyltransferase gene polymorphisms: relationships to monoamine metabolite concentrations in CSF of healthy volunteers

Jonsson, E. G., Goldman, D., Spurlock, G., Gustavsson, J. P., Nielsen, D. A., Linnoila, M., Owen, Michael John and Sedvall, G. C. 1997. Tryptophan hydroxylase and catechol-O-methyltransferase gene polymorphisms: relationships to monoamine metabolite concentrations in CSF of healthy volunteers. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience 247 (6) , pp. 297-230. 10.1007/BF02922258

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Abstract

Concentrations of monoamine metabolites (MM) in lumbar cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) have been used extensively as indirect estimates of monoamine turnover in the brain. We investigated possible relationships between DNA polymorphisms in the tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) genes and CSF concentrations of 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), homovanillic acid (HVA), and 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG) in healthy volunteers (n = 66). Lower CSF 5-HIAA levels were found in men with the TPH U allele (p = 0.005), but not in women. A similar but less significant pattern was observed for CSF HVA. No relationship was found between the TPH polymorphism and CSF MHPG. COMT genotypes did not relate significantly to MM concentrations. The results suggest that TPH genotypes participate differentially in the regulation of serotonin turnover rate under presumed steady state in the central nervous system of men. Due to the uncertain functional relevance of the DNA polymorphism investigated and the many calculations performed, the results should be interpreted with caution until replicated.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 0940-1334
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 08:39
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/81959

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