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Modelling coastal ground- and surface-water interactions using an integrated approach

Yuan, Dekui and Lin, Binliang 2009. Modelling coastal ground- and surface-water interactions using an integrated approach. Hydrological Processes 23 (19) , pp. 2804-2817. 10.1002/hyp.7377

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Beach water table fluctuations have an impact on the transport of beach sediments and the exchange of solute and mass between coastal aquifer and nearby water bodies. Details are given of the refinement of a dynamically integrated ground- and surface-water model, and its application to study ground- and surface-water interactions in coastal regions. The depth-integrated shallow-water equations are used to represent the surface-water flow, and the extended Darcy's equation is used to represent the groundwater flow, with a hydrostatic pressure distribution being assumed to apply for both these two types of flows. At the intertidal region, the model has two layers, with the surface-water layer being located on the top of the groundwater layer. The governing equations for these two types of flows are discretized in a similar manner and they are combined to give one set of linear algebraic equations that can be solved efficiently. The model is used to predict water level distributions across sloping beaches, where the water table in the aquifer may or may not decouple from the free water surface. Five cases are used to test the model for simulating beach water table fluctuations induced by tides, with the model predictions being compared with existing analytical solutions and laboratory and field data published in the literature. The numerical model results show that the integrated model is capable of simulating the combined ground- and surface-water flows in coastal areas. Detailed analysis is undertaken to investigate the capability of the model.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering
Uncontrolled Keywords: groundwater table; surface flow; integrated modelling; seepage face; interactions
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISSN: 0885-6087
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2020 02:49

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