Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Negative life events as an account of age-related differences in the genetic aetiology of depression in childhood and adolescence

Rice, Frances, Harold, Gordon Thomas and Thapar, Anita 2003. Negative life events as an account of age-related differences in the genetic aetiology of depression in childhood and adolescence. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 44 (7) , pp. 977-987. 10.1111/1469-7610.00182

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Many twin studies have reported that the genetic aetiology of depression differs according to age, with genetic influences being more important for adolescents than younger children. We sought to examine whether this age-related increase in the relative importance of genetic factors is due to an increase in gene-environment correlation specifically involving negative life events. METHOD: Questionnaires were sent to the families of a population-based sample of twins aged between 8 and 17 years. Parents of all the twins and adolescents aged 11 and over were asked to complete the Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (Costello & Angold, 1988) and a modified version of the Life Events Checklist (Johnson & McCutcheon, 1980). Responses were obtained from 1468 families and data were analysed using genetic model fitting. Bivariate analysis of 1) negative life events and 2) behaviour-dependent life events and depression symptoms was undertaken separately for children (aged 8 to 10 years) and adolescents (aged 11 to 17 years). Differences in genetic and environmental parameters across age groups were tested. RESULTS: Adolescence was associated with a greater number of behaviour-dependent life events. Genetic covariation of negative life events and depression was greater for adolescents than for children. CONCLUSIONS: Bivariate model fitting was consistent with the greater heritability of depression seen in adolescence being due to an increase in gene-environment correlation involving negative life events. However, the effects of genes associated specifically with maturation in adolescence, the possibility of 'person' effects and the role of other environmental factors also need to be considered.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Medicine
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0021-9630
Last Modified: 25 Dec 2017 20:23
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/81983

Citation Data

Cited 81 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item