Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Association between schizophrenia and T102C polymorphism of the 5-hydroxytryptamine type 2a-receptor gene. European Multicentre Association Study of Schizophrenia (EMASS) Group

Williams, Julie, Spurlock, G., McGuffin, P., Mallet, J., Nothen, M. M., Gill, M., Aschauer, H., Nylander, P. O., Macciardi, F. and Owen, Michael John 1996. Association between schizophrenia and T102C polymorphism of the 5-hydroxytryptamine type 2a-receptor gene. European Multicentre Association Study of Schizophrenia (EMASS) Group. The Lancet 347 (9011) , pp. 1294-1296. 10.1016/S0140-6736(96)90939-3

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: An association between schizophrenia and the T102C polymorphism of the gene for 5-hydroxytryptamine type 2a (5-HT2a) receptor has been reported; the proportion of allele 2 of this polymorphism is higher than expected among schizophrenic patients. We looked for an association between schizophrenia and this variant of the 5-HT2a-receptor gene in a large multicentre study. METHODS: Seven countries recruited 1210 participants: 571 white schizophrenic patients and 639 ethnically matched controls. All patients had a diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. High-molecular-weight DNA was isolated from lymphocytes. PCR amplification and restriction enzyme digestion was used to examine sequence variation of the 5-HT2a-receptor gene. Genotypes 1/1, 1/2, and 2/2 were assigned. Woolf's method was used to look for an association between schizophrenia and allele 2 and the 2/2 genotype. FINDINGS: We found a significant overall association between schizophrenia and allele 2 with an odds ratio of 1.3 (95% Cl 1.1-1.53, p = 0.003). No evidence for heterogeneity was observed between samples. We found a highly significant excess of the 1-2/2-2 genotypes in schizophrenia (p = 0.008) with a relative risk of 1.7 (1.22-2.36) and an attributable fraction of 0.35. INTERPRETATION: Our findings suggest that the gene for 5-HT2a-receptor, or a locus in linkage disequilibrium with it, confers susceptibility to schizophrenia. Allele 2 is common in the population and it is, therefore, likely that this variant, or a nearby polymorphism, may affect a significant proportion of schizophrenic patients.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0140-6736
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 08:39
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/82092

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item