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Clinical features of early onset, familial Alzheimer's disease linked to chromosome 14

Mullan, M., Bennett, C., Figueredo, C., Hughes, D., Mant, R., Owen, Michael John, Warren, A., McInnis, M., Marshall, A., Lantos, P., Collinge, J., Goate, A. M., Houlden, H. and Crawford, F. 1995. Clinical features of early onset, familial Alzheimer's disease linked to chromosome 14. American Journal of Medical Genetics 60 (1) , pp. 44-52. 10.1002/ajmg.1320600109

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Early onset familial Alzheimer's disease (AD) has an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance. Two genes are responsible for the majority of cases of this subtype of AD. Mutations in the beta-amyloid precursor protein (beta APP) gene on chromosome 21 have been shown to completely cosegregate with the disease. We and others have previously described the clinical features of families with beta APP mutations at the codon 717 locus in an attempt to define the phenotype associated with a valine to isoleucine (Val-->Ile) or a valine to glycine (Val-->Gly) change. More recently, a second locus for very early onset disease has been localized to chromosome 14. The results of linkage studies in some families suggesting linkage to both chromosomes have been explained by the suggestion of a second (centromeric) locus on chromosome 21. Here we report the clinical features and genetic analysis of a British pedigree (F74) with early onset AD in which neither the beta APP locus nor any other chromosome 21 locus segregates with the disease, but in which good evidence is seen for linkage on the long arm of chromosome 14. In particular we report marker data suggesting that the chromosome 14 disease locus is close to D14S43 and D14S77. Given the likelihood that F74 represents a chromosome 14 linked family, we describe the clinical features and make a limited clinical comparison with the beta APP717 Val-->Ile and beta APP717 Val-->Gly encoded families that have been previously described.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 0148-7299
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 08:39

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